MONOCRYSTALLINE SILICON SOLAR PANEL
It consists of silicon in which the crystal lattice of the entire solid is continuous, unbroken to its edges, and free of any grain boundaries.In 2013, monocrystalline solar cells had a market-share of 36 percent, that translated into the production of 12,600 megawatts of photovoltaic capacity,and ranked second behind the somewhat cheaper sister-technology of polycrystalline silicon.
Lab efficiencies of 25.0 percent for mono-Si cells are the highest in the commercial PV market, ahead of polysilicon with 20.4 percent and all established thin-film technologies namely, CIGS cells (19.8%), CdTe cells (19.6%), and a-Si cells (13.4%).
Solar module efficiencies—which are always lower than those of their corresponding cells—crossed the 20 percent mark for mono-Si in 2012; an improvement of 5.5 percent over a period of ten years. The thickness of a silicon waver used to produce a solar cell also decreased significantly, requiring less raw material and therefore less energy for its manufacture. Increased efficiency combined with economic usage of resources and materials was the main driver for the price decline over the last decade.
Monocrystalline solar panels are one of oldest types of solar panels and made of thick layer of monocrystalline silicon which is very costly due to this prices of this solar panels are high compare to other.In last few years the thickness of a silicon waver used to produce a solar cell also decreased significantly, requiring less raw material and therefore less energy for its manufacture. Increased efficiency combined with economic usage of resources and materials was the main driver for the monocrystalline solar panels cost reduction over the last decade.
monocrystalline solar panel have more than 35% share in photovoltaic systemsaround the world which is second largest than polycristalline solar panel. Due to use of pure monocrystal which have wide spectral absorption band results higher efficiency and longer lifespan of monocrystalline solar panel.Which also results in higher cost of this type solar panel Highest efficiency for polycrystalline solar panel registered is 25% but for monocrystalline solar panel efficiency it ranges from 19%-22%.monocrystalline solar panel lifespan is also one of the highest among the others and recorded around 30 years.